There are many PHP frameworks to choose from! Laravel is one such framework, and it has been around for more than a decade. Laravel increased in popularity following the release of version three in February 2012. This is because of the usefulness of the Laravel Artisan Command Line Interface (CLI).
Artisan helps the Laravel app development process through a handy CLI tool. It will give you the ability to perform database and file operations all from one place.
Artisan requires only the Laravel project to be set up. Laravel 3+ comes with Artisan built-in.
Below are the requirements for the latest version of Laravel, installed via Composer.
- PHP version 7.3+
This post assumes that you have installed the above prerequisites.
Laravel installation using Composer is quite simple. You can run the following command to install Laravel in your current directory:
composer create-project laravel/laravel my-laravel-app
Note that the name of the Laravel project is "my-laravel-app". You can, of course, change it according to your liking.
To start your development process, navigate to the Laravel project root directory.
Run the following command to make sure Laravel and Artisan are configured:
php artisan -v
As a result, the command mentioned above should output the Laravel version number.
Next, you may want to start your web server. You can do this by running the following command:
php artisan serve
As a result, the command will start a web server and output the server details. If you're using the default settings, you can visit: "http://127.0.0.1:8000" to see your app running.
In the directory, you will notice a PHP executable file named "artisan". To list all commands available using Artisan, run:
php artisan list
To get help for any of the above-listed commands, use:
php artisan help <command>
Throughout your development process, you will need to create many files. Consequently, the make command allows the user to set up required files for a Laravel operation. The three most common parts of any Laravel app are Models, Views, and Controllers.
The basic syntax for the make command is:
make:controller [options] <name>
To create a model, you can run:
php artisan make:model myModel
As per the above-mentioned example, “myModel” is the name of the model. Of course, be aware that models are stored in the app folder. The Model can also be stored in the app/model/ folder. Additionally, there are a few options that come with the make:model command.
For instance, you can add the --migration or -m option to make the migration file along with the model. In case you need a reminder, a Migration is a database modification activity in Laravel. Thus allowing the user to change the database directly from the Artisan CLI. Migrations are helpful because they allow Laravel apps to be self-sufficient.
Some other options for the make:model command are:
-a, --all Generate a migration, seeder, factory, and resource controller for the model -c, --controller Create a new controller for the model -f, --factory Create a new factory for the model --force Create the class even if the model already exists -m, --migration Create a new migration file for the model -s, --seed Create a new seeder file for the model -p, --pivot Indicates if the generated model should be a custom intermediate table model -r, --resource Indicates if the generated controller should be a resource controller --api Indicates if the generated controller should be an API controller -h, --help Display this help message -q, --quiet Do not output any message -V, --version Display this application version --ansi Force ANSI output --no-ansi Disable ANSI output -n, --no-interaction Do not ask any interactive question --env[=ENV] The environment the command should run under -v|vv|vvv, --verbose Increase the verbosity of messages: 1 for normal output, 2 for more verbose output and 3 for debug
You can make controllers for Laravel using:
php artisan make:controller myController
Once you have made your first model and configured the migration, you can run the migrations.
php artisan migrate
This will execute all the pending migrations and make changes in the database. All the migrations are stored in /db/migrations/ folder. You can rollback incorrect migrations using:
php artisan migrate:rollback
You can also add the --pretend or -p option to see what the executed query will be without executing it. Below is a complete list of options for the migrate command:
--database[=DATABASE] The database connection to use --force Force the operation to run when in production --path[=PATH] The path(s) to the migrations files to be executed (multiple values allowed) --realpath Indicate any provided migration file paths are pre-resolved absolute paths --pretend Dump the SQL queries that would be run --seed Indicates if the seed task should be re-run --step Force the migrations to be run so they can be rolled back individually -h, --help Display this help message -q, --quiet Do not output any message -V, --version Display this application version --ansi Force ANSI output --no-ansi Disable ANSI output -n, --no-interaction Do not ask any interactive question --env[=ENV] The environment the command should run under -v|vv|vvv, --verbose Increase the verbosity of messages: 1 for normal output, 2 for more verbose output and 3 for debug
More Artisan commands
Finally, this was only the beginning of the Artisan CLI. You should explore the complete list of Artisan commands using the help command.
Below is a list of all the commands in Artisan CLI:
Usage: command [options] [arguments] Options: -h, --help Display this help message -q, --quiet Do not output any message -V, --version Display this application version --ansi Force ANSI output --no-ansi Disable ANSI output -n, --no-interaction Do not ask any interactive question --env[=ENV] The environment the command should run under -v|vv|vvv, --verbose Increase the verbosity of messages: 1 for normal output, 2 for more verbose output and 3 for debug Available commands: clear-compiled Remove the compiled class file down Put the application into maintenance mode env Display the current framework environment help Display help for a command inspire Display an inspiring quote list List commands migrate Run the database migrations optimize Cache the framework bootstrap files preset Swap the front-end scaffolding for the application serve Serve the application on the PHP development server tinker Interact with your application UI Swap the front-end scaffolding for the application up Bring the application out of maintenance mode auth auth:clear-resets Flush expired password reset tokens cache cache:clear Flush the application cache cache:forget Remove an item from the cache cache:table Create a migration for the cache database table config config:cache Create a cache file for faster configuration loading config:clear Remove the configuration cache file db db:seed Seed the database with records db:wipe Drop all tables, views, and types debugbar debugbar:clear Clear the Debugbar Storage event event:cache Discover and cache the application's events and listeners event:clear Clear all cached events and listeners event:generate Generate the missing events and listeners based on registration event:list List the application's events and listeners key key:generate Set the application key make make:channel Create a new channel class make:command Create a new Artisan command make:controller Create a new controller class make:event Create a new event class make:exception Create a new custom exception class make:factory Create a new model factory make:job Create a new job class make:listener Create a new event listener class make:mail Create a new email class make:middleware Create a new middleware class make:migration Create a new migration file make:model Create a new Eloquent model class make:notification Create a new notification class make:observer Create a new observer class make:policy Create a new policy class make:provider Create a new service provider class make:request Create a new form request class make:resource Create a new resource make:rule Create a new validation rule make:seeder Create a new seeder class make:test Create a new test class migrate migrate:fresh Drop all tables and re-run all migrations migrate:install Create the migration repository migrate:refresh Reset and re-run all migrations migrate:reset Rollback all database migrations migrate:rollback Rollback the last database migration migrate:status Show the status of each migration notifications notifications:table Create a migration for the notifications table optimize optimize:clear Remove the cached bootstrap files package package:discover Rebuild the cached package manifest queue queue:failed List all of the failed queue jobs queue:failed-table Create a migration for the failed queue jobs database table queue:flush Flush all of the failed queue jobs queue:forget Delete a failed queue job queue:listen Listen to a given queue queue:restart Restart queue worker daemons after their current job queue:retry Retry a failed queue job queue:table Create a migration for the queue jobs database table queue:work Start processing jobs on the queue as a daemon route route:cache Create a route cache file for faster route registration route:clear Remove the route cache file route:list List all registered routes schedule schedule:run Run the scheduled commands session session:table Create a migration for the session database table storage storage:link Create a symbolic link from "public/storage" to "storage/app/public" ui ui:auth Scaffold basic login and registration views and routes vendor vendor:publish Publish any publishable assets from vendor packages video video:add Move video file and add new record to DB video:recognition Recognition video by path to file view view:cache Compile all of the application's Blade templates view:clear Clear all compiled view files
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There is to much more that you need to know about Laravel.
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